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Friday, November 26, 2021
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How Many Black Republicans Are In The House Of Representatives

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Democrats Also Fell Short On Many Offensive Targets

More House Republicans Head For The Exits | The Last Word | MSNBC

House Democrats set out on an ambitious agenda to flip many Republican-controlled seats, particularly in Texas and in many suburban districts around the country.

But Democrats have failed, so far, to flip a single GOP-held seat other than Georgia’s 7th Congressional District, located in the Atlanta suurbs, and two North Carolina seats that they were virtually guaranteed to flip because of court-ordered redistricting, according to DDHQ projections.;

Democrats will not pick up competitive US House seats in Texas’ 2nd, 3rd, 10th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, or 24th congressional districts, DDHQ projected.

While Biden is projected to carry Nebraska’s 2nd Congressional District’s sole Electoral College vote, the Democratic candidate Kara Eastman failed in her second bid to unseat the district’s congressional representative, Don Bacon, in this Omaha-based seat.


Also in the Midwest, GOP Rep. Ann Wagner won reelection in her district located in suburban St. Louis, over the Democratic candidate Jill Schupp. The Republican Victoria Spartz defeated the Democrat Christina Hale in the open race for Indiana’s 5th District, a wealthy seat in suburban Indianapolis that Democrats saw as a possible pickup opportunity.

In Michigan, the Republican Peter Meijer defeated the Democrat Hillary Scholten to succeed the retiring Rep. Justin Amash. And GOP Rep. Steve Chabot held off a challenge from the Democrat Kate Schroder in Ohio’s 1st Congressional District, located in the Cincinnati area.

Impact Of The Secessionist Movement

In the wake of the declared secession of South Carolina from the Union on December 20, 1860, many Southern House members, mostly Democrats, refused to take their seats, rejecting the election of Lincoln as illegitimate. Before 1872, different states held elections at various times; the first elections for the 37th Congress were held on August 6, 1860 in Arkansas and Missouri, while the last election took place in California on September 4, 1861, a year later. Three Southern states Arkansas, Florida, and South Carolina chose Representatives before the presidential election, electing seven Democrats and two independents. These were the only House elections from the seceding states to the 37th Congress. After South Carolina resolved disunion and the Confederate States of America was formed, other Southern states declared as well and elected Representatives to the new Congress of the Confederate States instead of the United States Congress.

Since the states not holding elections had many strong Democratic districts in the previous 36th Congress their Representatives included a total of 46 Democrats, 14 Oppositionists, five independents, and one member of the American Party when Congress was called into session on July 4, 1861 the size of the Democratic House caucus had been drastically reduced, resulting in a huge Republican majority.

Tim Scott Only Black Gop Senator Set To Respond To Biden

WASHINGTON Tim Scott, the only Black Republican senator, is often happy to dart past Capitol Hill reporters without saying much. This time, he and the spotlight have found each other.


Brought up by a single mother who worked backbreaking hours as a nursing assistant, the 55-year-old Scott has spent a decade in Congress representing South Carolina. Now, the lawmaker who combines a willingness to address racial questions with an advocacy of vintage conservative themes such as opportunity and optimism is giving his partys nationally televised response to President Joe Bidens Wednesday night address to Congress.

Scott also is the lead GOP negotiator as the two parties seek an accord on legislation overhauling police procedures. The issue has long eluded compromise despite national attention fanned by last years killing of George Floyd, a Black man, and this months conviction of a former Minneapolis police officer in his slaying.

You figure out who your audience is, you figure out what you want to say and you try and find a way to say it well, Scott told reporters Tuesday about his speech preparations. And you lean into who you are.

GOP leaders choíce of Scott to answer Biden comes at a tense political moment.

Scott, from North Charleston, South Carolina, nearly dropped out of high school. He tells of a life-changing turnabout after befriending a businessman who became a mentor and stressed the value of hard work.


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Changes To House Rules

After Democrats took control of the House in the 116th Congress, they voted to change some rules from the previous session of Congress when Republicans were in control. Some of the changes appear below.

  • PAYGO: Democrats approved PAYGO, a provision that requires legislation that would increase the deficit to be offset by spending cuts or revenue increases.
  • Ethics: Democrats made changes to House ethics rules that required all House members to take ethics training, not just new members. The rules also required members to reimburse taxpayers for settlements that that result from a members discrimination of someone based on race, religion, sex, national origin, or disability, among other things. Lawmakers were also prohibited from sitting on corporate boards.
  • Climate change committee: Democrats created a new climate change committee to address the issue. The committee was not given subpoena power or the ability to bring bills to the floor.

A full explanation of the rules changes can be viewed here.

Bipartisan ‘bromance’ Blossoms As 2 Texas Congressmen Make Dc Road Trip

Breaking Down the 115th Congress  Part II of II

Hurd was also one of just four House Republicans who voted for a resolution to condemn Trump’s racist tweets last month attacking four freshman Democratic women of color. His positions and willingness to speak out against Trump made sense, given the political and demographic makeup of his district. The 23rd District is almost 70% Latino, and Hillary Clinton won it by about 3.5 percentage points in 2016. Last year’s midterm elections left Hurd as one of just three House Republicans to sit in a district carried by Clinton, not Trump.

But Hurd only barely survived in 2018 to win reelection by just 926 votes over Democrat Gina Ortiz Jones, an Air Force veteran who had already announced she was seeking a rematch in 2020. Without Hurd, who was seen by Republicans and Democrats alike as an unusually strong GOP incumbent, the Cook Political Report has moved its rating for this seat from Toss Up to Lean Democratic.


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How Black Republicans Are Debunking The Myth Of A Voter Monolith

African American politicians and activists on the right say theyve found support in the black community through dialogue

For Brad Mole, venturing into Republican politics didnt start with a sudden awakening to conservatism. It was his religious upbringing and way of life that brought him to the Republican party.

My faith pushed me more toward policies that better reflected my upbringing, he said. I began understanding that the teachings I was raised with were more reflected in a party that not many around me identified with.

The son of a preacher in the Lowcountry region of South Carolina, Mole is now taking his politics a giant leap forward, challenging the Democrat Joe Cunningham for his US congressional seat.


As analysts debunk the myth of the black voter monolith, some black Republicans are stepping forward to counter stereotypes and assert a political identity very different from the usual assumption that all black Americans are Democrats, especially in the era of Donald Trump.

As one of seven Republicans running for the seat, Mole credits his religious background for his motivations to join the crowded race. Those same traditions are often associated with centrist African American political leanings. But for black Americans like Mole, their conservatism leads some to question whether their political party and preferences actually match their worldview.

But hes not out to change minds; he wants rebuild a sense of community.

An Incoming Class Of History

Several of the newly elected state representatives are making history.;

The Republican Madison Cawthorn, 25, who beat the Democrat Moe Davis to represent North Carolina’s 11th Congressional District, will become the youngest member of Congress in modern history.


The Democrat Cori Bush is set to become the first Black congresswoman from Missouri after winning in the state’s 1st Congressional District.

The Democrats Mondaire Jones and Ritchie Torres will also be the first openly gay Black men to serve in Congress, after winning in New York’s 17th and 15th districts respectively.

And nine out of the eleven Republicans who have so far unseated incumbent Democrats are women wins that will drastically expand the representation of women and especially of women of color in the House Republican caucus.

Currently, there are just 13 voting female Republican representatives in the House and 11 female Republican incumbents who ran for reelection in 2020.

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And 1867 United States House Of Representatives Elections

1866 and 1867 United States House of Representatives elections
;

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1866 to elect Representatives to the 40th United States Congress.

The elections occurred just one year after the American Civil War ended when the Union defeated the Confederacy.

The 1866 elections were a decisive event in the early Reconstruction era, in which PresidentAndrew Johnson faced off against the Radical Republicans in a bitter dispute over whether Reconstruction should be lenient or harsh toward the vanquished South.

Most of the congressmen from the former Confederate states were either prevented from leaving the state or were arrested on the way to the capital. A Congress consisting of mostly Radical Republicans sat early in the Capitol and aside from the delegation from Tennessee who were allowed in, the few Southern Congressmen who arrived were not seated.

A Candid Conversation With Eight Women Of Color Running For Congress This Year

J.C. Watts Says African American Republicans Tried To Reach White House | MTP Daily | MSNBC

Gore is running against Democratic incumbent Rep. Marcia Fudge, who has represented Ohio’s solidly blue 11th Congressional District since 2008 — a majority Black urban area.


“Maybe the candidacies aren’t taken seriously because typically we don’t get the Black vote. And sometimes we don’t get the white vote, you know? So we’re kind of in a bit of a quagmire,” Gore said, reflecting on her challenges to fundraise.

Klacik, a former Democrat who voted for Barack Obama, faces an incredibly steep climb in a reliably blue urban district, which includes parts of Baltimore. She is running against incumbent Democratic Rep. Kweisi Mfume, who was sworn in earlier this year after the death of Rep. Elijah Cummings in October 2019. Cummings held that seat since 1996.

“I get called names all the time for being a Black Republican. Meanwhile, my whole push is to make it better in the Black community,” Klacik said, criticizing Democratic politicians for a lack of investment in the inner cities.

Asked what advice she has for other Republicans of color who face similar backlash, Klacik urged them not to be discouraged.

“People are always gonna either love you or hate you,” she said. “You’ve got to fight for what’s right.”


The primary ‘is our biggest place of hurt’

Compared to an expansive network of Democratic organizations built over the last few decades to support female candidates, there are only a few Republican groups working specifically to boost the campaigns of Republican women.

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Th United States Congress

Features of Congress
Background
116th 115th 114th 113th 112th 111th 110th
Analysis

The 116th Congress convened on January 3, 2019, and concluded on January 3, 2021.

Republicans controlled the Senate, and Democrats controlled the House.

Sen. Mitch McConnell was Senate majority leader, and Sen. John Thune was Senate majority whip. Sen. Chuck Schumer was Senate minority leader, and Sen. Dick Durbin was Senate minority whip.

Rep. Nancy Pelosi served as the speaker of the House. Rep. Steny Hoyer was House majority leader, and Rep. Jim Clyburn was House majority whip. Rep. Kevin McCarthy was House minority leader, and Rep. Steve Scalise served as House minority whip.

President Donald Trump issued nine vetoes during the 116th Congress. For more information on vetoes issued during the Trump administration, .

The House and Senate were expected to be in session for fewer days in 2019 than they were in 2018. The Senate was scheduled to meet for 168 days in 2019, and the House was scheduled to meet for 130 days. In 2018, the Senate met for 186 days, while the House met for 171. From 2001 to 2018, the Senate spent an average of 165 days in session each year, and the House spent an average of 140 days in session.

New members of Congress were elected on . For more information on the 2018 House and Senate elections, click here.

Number Of House Members Per State

Unlike the U.S. Senate, which consists of two members from each state, the geographic makeup of the House is determined by the population of each state. The only stipulation spelled out in the U.S. Constitution comes in Article I, Section 2, which guarantees each state, territory or district at least one representative.

The Constitution also states that there can be no more than one representative in the House for every 30,000 citizens.

The number of representatives each state gets in the House of Representatives is based on population. That process, known as reapportionment, occurs every 10 years after the decennial population count conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.

U.S. Rep. William B. Bankhead of Alabama, an opponent of the legislation, called the Permanent Apportionment Act of 1929 “an abdication and surrender of vital fundamental powers.” One of the functions of Congress, which created the census, was to adjust the number of seats in Congress to reflect the number of people living in the United States, he said.

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The ‘quagmire’ Facing Black Republican Women Who Run For Congress

Only one Black Republican woman has even been elected to Congress.

A candid conversation with eight women of color running for Congress this year

Only one Black Republican woman has ever held a seat in Congress — Mia Love, who represented Utah’s 4th Congressional District from 2015 to 2019. But it’s not because Black Republican women don’t run.

A record number of women of color from both the Democratic and the Republican parties ran for Congress in 2020 — and a record number won their primaries, according to an analysis by Rutgers University’s Center for American Women and Politics.

Out of the 115 nominees for U.S. House, 82 are Democrats and 33 are Republicans, with nominations for Black women at 61 — a record high.

But based on an ABC News analysis of data from The Cook Political Report, it is unlikely that these runs will translate to a significant change in representation in Congress — particularly for Republican women, largely because those candidates are not competing in toss-up or competitive races.

Vivian Childs, Laverne Gore and Kimberly Klacik — all Black Republicans — launched campaigns in urban Democratic strongholds across the country in the hopes of winning a seat in Congress.

In interviews with ABC’s “Good Morning America,” they each described feeling alone in their primary races and expressed frustration over the lack of support from their own party. They urged the GOP to reach out to candidates and voters of color.

Battling a ‘vicious circle’

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