Overview Of Impeachment Process
- See also: Impeachment of federal officials
The United States Congress has the constitutional authority to impeach and remove a federal official from officeincluding the presidentif he or she has committed an impeachable offense. Impeaching and removing an official has two stages. First, articles of impeachment against the official must be passed by a majority vote of the U.S. House of Representatives. Then, a trial is conducted in the United States Senate potentially leading to the conviction and removal of the official.
In most impeachment trials, the vice president presides over the trial. However, in impeachment trials of the president, the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court presides. In order to remove the person from office, two-thirds of senators that are present to vote must vote to convict on the articles of impeachment.
Rep Liz Cheney Wyoming
The President of the United States summoned this mob, assembled the mob, and lit the flame of this attack, Cheney wrote. Everything that followed was his doing. None of this would have happened without the President. The President could have immediately and forcefully intervened to stop the violence. He did not.
Cheney is the highest-ranking House member to vote for Trumps impeachment.
First Impeachment Of Donald Trump
|First impeachment of Donald Trump|
|Members of House of Representatives vote on two articles of impeachment|
|Accused||Donald Trump, President of the United States|
|December 18, 2019 February 5, 2020|
|Outcome||Acquitted by the U.S. Senate, remained in the office of President of the United States|
|Voting in the U.S. Senate|
|Accusation||Article I Abuse of power|
|Votes in favor|
|Accusation||Article II Obstruction of Congress|
|Votes in favor|
|A request by U.S. President Donald Trump to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky to investigate Joe Biden and his son sparked the scandal.|
The first impeachment of Donald Trump occurred when Donald Trump, the 45th president of the United States, was impeached by the House of Representatives of the 116th United States Congress on December 18, 2019. The House adopted two articles of impeachment against Trump: abuse of power and obstruction of Congress. The Senate acquitted Trump of these charges on February 5, 2020.
Two days after the acquittal, Trump fired two witnesses who had testified about his conduct in the impeachment inquiry: Ambassador Gordon Sondland and Lt. Col. Alexander Vindman. Vindman’s twin brother Yevgeny Vindman was also fired.
Article Of Impeachment Introduced
|has original text related to this article:Article of Impeachment against Donald J. Trump|
On January 11, 2021, U.S. Representatives David Cicilline, along with Jamie Raskin and Ted Lieu, introduced an article of impeachment against Trump, charging Trump with incitement of insurrection in urging his supporters to march on the Capitol building. The article contended that Trump made several statements that encouragedand foreseeably resulted inlawless action that interfered with Congress constitutional duty to certify the election. It argued that by his actions, Trump threatened the integrity of the democratic system, interfered with the peaceful transition of power, and imperiled a coequal branch of Government, doing so in a way that rendered him a threat to national security, democracy, and the Constitution if he were allowed to complete his term. By the time it was introduced, 218 of the 222 House Democrats had signed on as cosponsors, assuring its passage. Trump was impeached in a vote on January 13, 2021; ten Republicans, including House Republican Conference chairwoman Liz Cheney, joined all of the Democrats in supporting the article.
United States V Nixon Ruling
In a much-anticipated landmark ruling on July 24, 1974, the U.S. Supreme Court ordered President Nixon to release all White House tapes, not just selected transcripts, pertinent to the Watergate investigation. The unanimous ruling in United States v. Nixon found that the president of the United States does not possess an absolute, unqualified executive privilege to withhold information. Writing for the court, Chief JusticeWarren Burger stated:
We conclude that when the ground for asserting privilege as to subpoenaed materials sought for use in a criminal trial is based only on the generalized interest in confidentiality, it cannot prevail over the fundamental demands of due process of law in the fair administration of criminal justice. The generalized assertion of privilege must yield to the demonstrated, specific need for evidence in a pending criminal trial.
A short while after the decision was made public, Nixon issued a statement saying that, while disappointed in the result, I respect and accept the courts decision, and I have instructed Mr. St. Clair to take whatever measures are necessary to comply with that decision in all respects. The president was at the Western White House in California at the time, where he remained through July 28.
Representative Jaime Herrera Beutler
Representative Jaime Herrera Beutler of Washington State said that she would vote to impeach because she believed that the president had acted in violation of his oath of office.
I understand the argument that the best course is not to further inflame the country or alienate Republican voters, she said. But I am a Republican voter. I believe in our Constitution, individual liberty, free markets, charity, life, justice, peace and this exceptional country. I see that my own party will be best served when those among us choose truth.
Gop Leader Mccarthy: Trump ‘bears Responsibility’ For Violence Won’t Vote To Impeach
Some ambitious Republican senators have never been as on board the Trump train as the more feverish GOP members in the House, and the former might be open to convicting Trump. But their ambition cuts two ways on the one hand, voting to ban Trump opens a lane to carry the Republican mantle in 2024 and be the party’s new standard-bearer, but, on the other, it has the potential to alienate many of the 74 million who voted for Trump, and whose votes they need.
It’s a long shot that Trump would ultimately be convicted, because 17 Republicans would need to join Democrats to get the two-thirds majority needed for a conviction. But it’s growing clearer that a majority of the Senate will vote to convict him, reflecting the number of Americans who are in favor of impeachment, disapproved of the job Trump has done and voted for his opponent in the 2020 presidential election.
Correction Jan. 14, 2021
A previous version of this story incorrectly said Rep. Peter Meijer is a West Point graduate. Meijer attended West Point, but he is a graduate of Columbia University.
Republicans Vote To Convict Trump In Impeachment Trial
WASHINGTON Seven Republicans voted Saturday to convict former President Donald Trump in his Senate trial, easily the largest number of lawmakers to ever vote to find a president of their own party guilty at impeachment proceedings.
While lawmakers acquitted Trump of inciting the Jan. 6 Capitol attack, they voted 57-43 to convict him short of the two-thirds majority needed to find him guilty. Still, with seven Republicans joining all 50 Democrats in voting guilty, the Senate issued an unmistakable bipartisan chorus of condemnation of the former president that could have political implications for a GOP conflicted over its future.
If I cant say what I believe that our president should stand for, then why should I ask Alaskans to stand with me? Sen. Lisa Murkowski of Alaska told reporters.
Besides Murkowski, other Republican senators voting against Trump were Richard Burr of North Carolina, Bill Cassidy of Louisiana, Susan Collins of Maine, Mitt Romney of Utah, Ben Sasse of Nebraska and Patrick Toomey of Pennsylvania.
Underscoring the perils of affronting Trump and his legions of GOP loyalists, by late evening top Republicans from at least two of the defecting senators states had blasted them.
Most of the defecting Republicans had clashed with Trump over the years. Burr and Toomey have said they will retire and not seek reelection when their terms expire next year, and Murkowski and Collins have histories of clashing with Trump over health care and other policies.
Presidents Constitutional Duty To Faithfully Execute The Laws
On December 3, 2013, the House Judiciary committee held a hearing formally titled The Presidents Constitutional Duty to Faithfully Execute the Laws, which some participants and observers viewed as an attempt to begin justifying impeachment proceedings. Asked if the hearing was about impeachment, the committee chairman responded that it was not, adding, I didnt mention impeachment nor did any of the witnesses in response to my questions at the Judiciary Committee hearing. Contrary to his claims however, a witness did mention impeachment rather blatantly. Partisan Georgetown University law professor Nicholas Quinn Rosenkranz said, A check on executive lawlessness is impeachment as he accused Obama of claim the right of the king to essentially stand above the law.
Susan Collins Of Maine
Ms. Collins, 68, a senator since 1997, was just re-elected to a fifth term. She has long been critical of Mr. Trumps actions, extending to the Capitol riot.
That attack was not a spontaneous outbreak of violence, Ms. Collins said on the Senate floor after the vote. Rather it was the culmination of a steady stream of provocations by President Trump that were aimed at overturning the results of the presidential election.
Fate Of 10 Gop Impeachers Since Capitol Riot Shows ‘going Against Trump Is The Death Knell’
The 10 Republican members of Congress who voted to impeach President Donald Trump for his role in instigating the mob that marauded through the Capitol on January 6 knew the riot would be a historic turning point for the country. What they didn’t realize: The events of that day might also mark the beginning of the end of their own political careers, and that their actions would give Trump and politicians loyal to him a rallying cry to help them retain control of the Republican Party.
Six months after the riot, the impeachers are the GOP’s most endangered incumbents. Nine of the 10 already face credible primary challengers ahead of next year’s midterm elections, and all have been the targets of relentless attacks from Trump and his supporters, as well as on social media from once-supportive constituents livid about their impeachment vote. Wyoming Representative Liz Cheney, stripped of her leadership role in the House for her persistent criticism of the former president, has absorbed the most venom. But Trump seems bent on exacting revenge on the entire group, calling out the names of each of the GOP representatives who voted to impeach him one by one in a speech at the Conservative Political Action Conference in February, then telling the audience: “Get rid of them all.”
Trumps Ready To Fight
Fox News reports that the only Republican who voted to impeach Trump that isnt facing a primary challenger is Rep. John Katko .
They write that Katko appeared to get back into good graces with GOP leadership quickly after his impeachment vote and noted he was one of the faces of a border trip with House Republicans earlier this year.
He did, however, join Cheney, Kinzinger, and the other Republicans who voted to impeach Trump, in also voting to establish a 9/11-style commission to investigate the Capitol protests.
Supporters of a Jan. 6 commission are settling on a backup plan to fully probe the Capitol attack: a select House committee
But theyre worried that even in a best-case scenario, itll become a total circus. New from me:https://t.co/uGbsdGKcbX
Sam Brodey June 7, 2021
In April, CNBC revealed that Trumps leadership PAC Save America has $85 million on hand heading into the midterms, something one person with knowledge of the matter describes as a gargantuan sum of cash.
Another report indicates Trump is teaming up with Newt Gingrich on a new MAGA doctrine for the Republican Party, using the famed Contract with America as a framework.
With an eye toward winning back the House and Senate in the 2022 midterm elections, Donald Trump has begun crafting a policy agenda outlining a MAGA doctrine.
And hes teaming up with Newt Gingrich to do it. https://t.co/TpXUUGUQHP
POLITICO May 26, 2021
Read this NextonThePoliticalInsider.com
Trump Calls For ‘no Violence’ As Congress Moves To Impeach Him For Role In Riot
This time, there will be more. Some Republican senators have called on Trump to resign, and even Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said he is undecided at this point.
Trump’s impeachment won’t lead to his removal even if he is convicted because of the timeline. The Senate is adjourned until Tuesday. The next day, Biden will be sworn in as the 46th president. But there’s another penalty the Constitution allows for as a result of a Senate conviction that could be appealing to some Republican senators banning Trump from holding “office” again.
While there is some debate as to the definition of “office” in the Constitution and whether that would apply to running for president or even Congress, that kind of public rebuke would send a strong message that Republicans are ready to move on from Trumpism.
Rep Tom Rice South Carolina
Rep. Tom Rice, representing South Carolinas 7th Congressional District, voted to impeach Trump, though he had not spoken out publicly about his decision prior to the vote.
In a statement after the vote Wednesday, Rice said he was not sure whether Trumps speech before the mobs attack amounted to incitement of a riot, but any reasonable person could see the potential for violence.
Once the violence began, when the Capitol was under siege, when the Capitol Police were being beaten and killed, and when the Vice President and the Congress were being locked down, the President was watching and tweeted about the Vice Presidents lack of courage, Rice wrote.
I have backed this President through thick and thin for four years. I campaigned for him and voted for him twice. But, this utter failure is inexcusable.
Opinion: Democrats Missed The Boat With 17 Republicans Who Voted To Impeach Trump
This message is for all the Democrats who criticized the 191 Republican representatives who did not vote to impeach Donald Trump and the 43 Republican senators who did not vote guilty.
Its easy, even justified, to say they acted cowardly and disregarded the plain facts, but we have since witnessed the wrath of the Republican Party.
For the 10 representatives and seven senators who voted to hold Trump accountable, their state party organizations have either censured them, or are planning to run primary candidates against them, or both. These 17 men and women are pariahs in their own party.
Its easy to be virtuous and criticize others, but how many of us have been tested in this way? Put aside that the Republican Partys rancor is unjustified, these 17 men and women have suffered the consequences of voting against their party. This episode should be a learning point for Democrats as to what will be expected of them in the future.
Its only a matter of time before the tables are turned.
In a perfect world, perhaps we should expect more politicians to stand fast to principle and disregard the consequences. But our world is far from perfect. Maybe the better approach is to commend these lonely 17 Republicans. They presented if just for a moment a light in a dark world.
‘a Win Is A Win’: Trump’s Defense Team Makes Remarks After Senate Votes To Acquit
Despite the acquittal, President Joe Biden said in a statement that “substance of the charge” against Trump is “not in dispute.”
“Even those opposed to the conviction, like Senate Minority Leader McConnell, believe Donald Trump was guilty of a ‘disgraceful dereliction of duty’ and ‘practically and morally responsible for provoking’ the violence unleashed on the Capitol,” Biden’s statement read in part.
The president added that “this sad chapter in our history has reminded us that democracy is fragile. That it must always be defended. That we must be ever vigilant. That violence and extremism has no place in America. And that each of us has a duty and responsibility as Americans, and especially as leaders, to defend the truth and to defeat the lies.”
Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., called Saturday’s vote the largest and most bipartisan vote in any impeachment trial in history,” but noted it wasn’t enough to secure a conviction.
The trial “was about choosing country over Donald Trump, and 43 Republican members chose Trump. They chose Trump. It should be a weight on their conscience today, and it shall be a weight on their conscience in the future,” he said in a speech on the Senate floor.
With control of the Senate split 50-50, the House managers always had an uphill battle when it came to convincing enough Republicans to cross party lines and convict a former president who is still very popular with a large part of the GOP base.
Richard M Burr Of North Carolina
Mr. Burr, 65, a senator since 2005, is not seeking re-election in 2022. Despite holding Mr. Trump immediately responsible for the Capitol riot, he had voted against moving forward with the impeachment trial, and his decision to convict came as a surprise.
As I said on Jan. 6, the president bears responsibility for these tragic events, Mr. Burr said in a statement on Saturday. The evidence is compelling that President Trump is guilty of inciting an insurrection against a coequal branch of government and that the charge rises to the level of high crimes and misdemeanors. Therefore, I have voted to convict.
Gop Congresswoman On Voting To Impeach Trump: I Felt Like I Had To
January 17, 2021 / 9:55 AM / CBS News
The atmosphere on the House floor was tense, as members argued over whether President Trump should be impeached for his role in the assault on the United States Capitol:
“If inciting a deadly insurrection is not enough to get a president impeached, then what is?” asked Rep. Joaquin Castro, D-Texas.
“The president didn’t even mention violence last Wednesday, much less provoke or incite it,” said Rep. Greg Steube, R-Fla. “You have created a mockery out of the impeachment process.”
Only four times in American history has Congress impeached a president.
1868: Andrew Johnson, for breaking a law that barred him from firing his Secretary of War.
1998: Bill Clinton, for lying under oath about his relationship with intern Monica Lewinsky.
2019: Donald Trump , for abuse of power withholding military aid in an effort to pressure Ukraine to investigate the Biden family.
2021: Mr. Trump, once again.
Correspondent Rita Braver asked, “Where do you think this impeachment will go down in history, in terms of the seriousness of the offense?”
“This impeachment levels the most egregious charge ever made against a U.S. president summoning a mob to the capital, and then inciting that mob to commit insurrection,” said history professor Allan Lichtman of American University. He said the vote in favor of impeachment was stunning because ten members of the president’s own party the most of any impeachment in history voted “yes.”
Here Are The 10 Republicans Who Voted To Impeach Trump Over The Capitol Siege
- 10 Republicans in the House of Representatives voted to impeach President Donald Trump after the US Capitol siege.
- On Wednesday, the House voted 232-197 to charge Trump with inciting the January 6 insurrection on the US Capitol.
- New York Rep. John Katko became the first member of his party to publicly support impeachment, and he was closely followed by Wyoming Rep. Liz Cheney, the third highest-ranking House Republican.
- Visit Business Insiders homepage for more stories.
On Wednesday, 10 House Republicans joined their Democratic colleagues to vote for President Donald Trumps impeachment after he incited a deadly riot at the US Capitol last week.
The Democratic-controlled House of Representatives began impeachment proceedings against Trump on Wednesday and charged him 232-197 with incitement of insurrection.The New York Times reported that the White House expected roughly two dozen Republicans in both chambers to break ranks and come out in support of impeachment.
Trump saw far more defection from his party than in his first House impeachment in December 2019, when no members of the GOP caucus voted to impeach him on charges of abusing his office and obstructing Congress.
All 10 Republicans who voted to impeach released forceful statements directly denouncing Trumps provocation of the January 6 violence and his lack of response to the danger to the Capitol.
Trump Acquitted In Impeachment Trial; 7 Gop Senators Vote With Democrats To Convict
The Senate on Saturday voted to acquit former President Donald Trump on a charge of incitement of insurrection despite significant Republican support for conviction, bringing an end to the fourth impeachment trial in U.S. history and the second for Trump.
Seven Republicans voted to convict Trump for allegedly inciting the deadly Jan. 6 riot at the Capitol, when a mob of pro-Trump supporters tried to disrupt the electoral vote count formalizing Joe Biden’s election win before a joint session of Congress. That is by far the most bipartisan support for conviction in impeachment history. The final vote was 57 to 43, 10 short of the 67 votes needed to secure a conviction.
Republican Sens. Richard Burr of North Carolina, Susan Collins of Maine, Bill Cassidy of Louisiana, Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, Mitt Romney of Utah, Ben Sasse of Nebraska and Pat Toomey of Pennsylvania all voted guilty.
The vote means the Senate cannot bar Trump from holding future federal offices.
Moments after the vote concluded, the former president issued a statement praising his legal team and thanking the senators and other members of Congress “who stood proudly for the Constitution we all revere and for the sacred legal principles at the heart of our country.”
“This has been yet another phase of the greatest witch hunt in the history of our Country. No president has ever gone through anything like it,” Trump said.
Rep Jaime Herrera Beutler Washington
Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler of Washingtons 3rd Congressional District criticized both the presidents rhetoric, which she said incited the mob that attacked the Capitol on Jan. 6, as well as his actions during the violence.
Hours went by before the president did anything meaningful to stop the attack. Instead, he and his lawyer were busy making calls to senators who were still in lockdown, seeking their support to further delay the Electoral College certification, she claimed.
Herrera Beutler also cited Trumps speech in response to the attack, during which he told his supporters you are very special and we love you, while also asking them for peace.
Alabama Gop Says Trump Impeachment A Sad Day For America; Lone Democrat Votes To Charge President
Members walk on the floor as voting begins in the House of Representatives in the first article of impeachment against President Donald Trump at the Capitol in Washington, Wednesday, Dec. 18, 2019. APAP
President Trump became the third president to be impeached Wednesday after the House approved two articles of impeachment abuse of power and obstruction of Congress in a vote that went largely along party lines.
Alabamas House members voted in line with their political parties, with the states lone Democrat voting to impeach Trump while the other six Republican members voted against the articles of impeachment.
The articles of impeachment stemmed from a whistleblower complaint that Trump sought to withhold congressionally-approved military aid to Ukraine in exchange for an investigation into Hunter Biden, the son of former Vice President Joe Biden. Joe Biden is running for president in 2020 and is considered to be one of Trumps main Democratic rivals.
Three House members from Alabama Rep. Terri Sewell, D-Birmingham; Rep. Mike Rogers, R-Saks; and Rep. Bradley Byrne, R-Fairhope gave speeches on the House floor earlier Wednesday in explaining how they would vote.
Sewell said she was supporting impeachment with a heavy heart.
In his floor speech, Rogers said the Democrats along with their cohorts in the Deep State and the mainstream media tried to hijack our Constitution.
Rep. Gary Palmer, R-Hoover, said Democrats did not make a case for impeaching Trump.