<-- -->
Monday, November 22, 2021
.

Why Did Republicans Want To Remove President Johnson From Office

Don't Miss




Opinion:the Republican Leader Who Deserves Removal In The Wake Of The Capitol Riot Is Liz Cheney

So let’s get this straight: After a pro-Trump mob stormed the U.S. Capitol waving Confederate flags and chanting, “Hang Mike Pence!” the person some House Republicans want to vote to remove from office is … Liz Cheney?

arrow-right

Trump loyalists want to oust Cheney as chair of the House Republican Conference to punish her after her vote to impeach President Donald Trump for inciting the Jan. 6 Capitol riot. On Thursday, Rep. Matt Gaetz is speaking at an anti-Cheney rally at the Wyoming Capitol. Reps. Andy Biggs and Matthew M. Rosendale are circulating a petition calling for a vote on Cheney’s removal from the GOP leadership. The matter may come to a head when the House Republican Conference meets next week.


The irony is that many of those leading the charge against Cheney helped Trump spread the Big Lie — that the election was stolen and that Congress could overturn the result. Rep. Paul A. Gosar tweeted a photo of the crowd at the Jan. 6 rally with the message: “Biden should concede. I want his concession on my desk tomorrow morning. Don’t make me come over there.” Rep. Mo Brooks told rally attendants, “Today is the day that American patriots start taking down names and kicking ass!” Yet they have the audacity to allege that it is Cheney who brought the Republican conference “into disrepute”?

Read more:

Why Did President Andrew Johnson Believe The Tenure Of Office Act To Be Unconstitutional

Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team.


President Andrew Johnson believed that this law was unconstitutional because it gave the Senate a power over his appointments that was not given to it by the Constitution. 

The Constitution gives the Senate the right to approve or reject the people that the president nominates to a variety of positions. …

The Failed Removal Of Andrew Johnson And The Emergence Of The American Working Class


Two years after the fateful month of April 1865, when the Confederacy surrendered, ending the Civil War, and John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln in Washington DC, America’s 17th president, Democrat Andrew Johnson, was openly conspiring with the former slave owners to restore the Confederate states and the rebel leaders to the Union without conditions.

While slavery as a mode of production had ceased to exist, the Ku Klux Klan, founded in Johnson’s home state of Tennessee in 1866, was carrying out pogroms against freed blacks. Johnson vetoed every bill that came to his desk from the Republican-dominated Congress aimed at reorganizing the rebel states to protect the former slaves.

Brenda Wineapple’s The Impeachers: The Trial of Andrew Johnson and the Dream of a Just Nation is a factual and easy-to-read account of one of the most overlooked and poorly understood turning points in American history.

The Impeachers

Wineapple relies heavily on the interplay of the personalities engaged in the impeachment. This limitation results in her book reading more like a well written story than a detailed political analysis. The strength of her book, however, is that she approaches impeachment objectively and makes clear it was politically and legally justified.


Wineapple takes aim at the notion that the impeachment of Johnson was merely an example of “hyper-partisanship.” She has written a book that cuts through the lies of the Lost Cause and Dunning School of historians.

How A Difficult Racist Stubborn President Was Removed From Powerif Not From Office

Members of Congress and some in Andrew Johnson’s own Cabinet wanted him gone. They did the next best thing.


Continue to article content

David Priess is an author and speaker. He is the author of The President’s Book of Secrets: The Untold Story of Intelligence Briefings to America’s Presidents, and How to Get Rid of a President, from which this is adapted.

The president of the United States was both a racist and a very difficult man to get along with.

He routinely called blacks inferior. He bluntly stated that no matter how much progress they made, they must remain so. He openly called critics disloyal, even treasonous. He liberally threw insults like candy during public speeches. He rudely ignored answers he didn’t like. He regularly put other people into positions they didn’t want to be in, then blamed them when things went sour. His own bodyguard later called him “destined to conflict,� a man who “found it impossible to conciliate or temporize.�

But the nation’s politicians simply had to interact with Andrew Johnson, for he had become the legitimate, constitutionally ordained chief executive upon Abraham Lincoln’s death by assassination.


The War Secretary Who Barricaded Himself In His Office During An Impeachment Trial

PPT

When Andrew Johnson illegally tried to fire War Secretary Edwin Stanton in 1868, the president’s congressional foes saw their chance to impeach him. But Stanton had to hold his post to keep the issue alive.

arrow-right


A lawmaker sent Stanton a one-word telegram: “Stick.”

The House impeached Johnson in three days in late February. Meanwhile, Stanton camped out in his War Department office and thwarted attempts to replace him. Johnson’s Senate trial lasted into May.

In 2021, it took two days for the House to impeach President Donald Trump for the second time for his role in inciting his supporters to attack the U.S. Capitol on Jan. 6. The former president’s Senate trial is set to begin Feb. 9.

House Democrats plan to focus impeachment trial on how rioters reacted to Trump’s remarks

Trump will spend the trial at Mar-a-Lago, his luxurious private club in Florida. In 1868, to the chagrin of his wife, Stanton barricaded himself in his office and slept on a couch for more than two months until Johnson’s trial ended.


Stanton is mostly remembered as the man who said “Now he belongs to the ages” when Abraham Lincoln died after being shot at Ford’s Theatre on April 14, 1865. Johnson, the Democratic vice president, succeeded Lincoln, a Republican. Stanton stayed on as war secretary.

That same day, House Republicans began moving to impeach Johnson for violating the Tenure of Office Act, which barred the dismissal of federal appointees without Congress’s approval.

Read more Retropolis:

Democrats Plan Swift Trump Impeachment Want To Remove Him From Office Immediately


      Warnings flashing, Democrats in Congress laid plans for swift impeachment of U.S. President Donald Trump, demanding decisive, immediate action to ensure an “unhinged” commander in chief can’t add to the damage they say he’s inflicted or even ignite nuclear war in his final days in office.

      As the country comes to terms with the violent siege of the U.S. Capitol by Trump supporters that left five dead, the crisis that appears to be among the final acts of his presidency is deepening like few other periods in the nation’s history. With less than two weeks until he’s gone, Democrats want him out — now — and he has few defenders speaking up for him in his own Republican party.

      “We must take action,” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi declared Friday on a private conference call with Democrats.

      And one prominent Republican, Sen. Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, told the Anchorage Daily News that Trump simply “needs to get out.”

      The final days of Trump’s presidency are spinning toward a chaotic end as he holes up at the White House, abandoned by many aides, top Republicans and Cabinet members. After refusing to concede defeat in the November election, he has now promised a smooth transfer of power when Democratic President-elect Joe Biden is sworn in on Jan. 20. But even so, he says he will not attend the inauguration – the first such presidential snub since just after the Civil War.

      “This unhinged president could not be more dangerous,” Pelosi said of the current situation.

      ___

      Why Was President Johnson Really Impeached And Why Did He Get To Keep His Office

      Andrew Johnson was the first American president to be impeached. Why was he impeached and why did he get to keep his office? It’s an interesting story.

      President Andrew Johnson has two important distinctions in American history. One is that he was Abraham Lincoln‘s vice-president and became the nation’s 17th president after Lincoln’s assassination. The second is that he was the first president to be impeached . Impeachment is a formal hearing in the House of Representatives that is done to decide if formal charges of wrongdoing are warranted. If the impeachment is successful, a full trial will be held by the Senate to determine if the president or other high-level government official will be removed from office.

      In both Johnson’s and Clinton’s cases, the House of Representatives voted to send them to the Senate for trial to be removed from office. In both cases, the Senate acquitted them, and they were allowed to remain in their presidential positions.

      So, why was Andrew Johnson impeached, and why did the Senate ultimately decide to allow him to remain president? It’s an interesting story and one that is not a well known historical tale today. However, it tells a lot about the political climate in the United States immediately following Lincoln’s assassination and the end of the Civil War, and how one president’s actions impacted it all.

      The Backroom Deals That Saved Andrew Johnsons Presidency By A Single Senate Vote

      The impeachment trial was almost over, and Sen. James Grimes was tormented with doubt.

      The senator from Iowa couldn’t stand Andrew Johnson, the belligerent, racist president on trial before the Senate, charged with defying Congress and the law. Johnson was “guilty of a great many follies and wickedness,” the mustachioed, mutton-chopped Grimes had written in a letter to his wife.

      arrow-right

      Grimes feared that if the president were acquitted, he would unleash even more revenge against his enemies and stoke racial violence in the South. But the senator, a moderate Republican, also couldn’t stand the impeachers, the radicals trying to tear Johnson from the White House in the name of racial equality. He thought they’d gone too far.

      So just before closing arguments began in Johnson’s trial in April 1868, Grimes sent messages to Johnson through intermediaries, including one of the president’s defense lawyers. If Johnson agreed not to engage in rash acts that might “encourage rebels” in the South, and if he nominated a “secretary of war in whom the country had confidence,” Grimes said, “it would help him” — that is, Grimes and other swing-vote senators might vote to acquit Johnson.

      So amid the impeachment trial’s closing arguments, Johnson sent the Senate a nomination: Gen. John Schofield, Grimes’s suggested candidate, for war secretary. That got the senators buzzing.

      ‘A national disgrace’: As impeachment hung over a president’s head, he went on a wild rally tour

      Republicans Signed Letter Supporting The Ukraine Reforms Biden Was Pushing

      Hayley Miller

      A bipartisan group of lawmakers echoed then-Vice President Joe Biden’s push for anti-corruption reforms in Ukraine, including within the country’s office of the prosecutor general, according to a 2016 letter unearthed by CNN.

      In the letter, Sens. Rob Portman and Dick Durbin , co-chairs of the bipartisan Senate Ukraine Caucus, pressed Ukraine’s then-President Petro Poroshenko to take action on “entrenched corruption” within his government.

      “We recognize ?that your governing coalition faces not only endemic corruption left from decades of mismanagement and cronyism, but also an illegal armed seizure of territory by Russia and its proxies,” they wrote in the letter. ” urge you to press ahead with urgent reforms to the Prosecutor General’s office and judiciary.”

      The letter ? also signed by Sens. Ron Johnson , Mark Kirk , Chris Murphy , Jeanne Shaheen , Richard Blumenthal and Sherrod Brown ? appears to undermine President Donald Trump’s unsubstantiated claim that there was “quid pro quo” when then-Vice President Biden withheld aid to Ukraine to push the country’s leaders to fire its prosecutor general, Viktor Shokin.

      Trump claims Biden did so for the purpose of impeding an investigation into Burisma, a Ukrainian gas company upon whose board Hunter Biden served. No evidence has been brought to light to suggest this.

      Asked for comment, a spokesperson for Johnson referred HuffPost to comments the senator made Wednesday during an interview with radio station WRRD.

      President Andrew Johnson Was Impeached For Firing A Cabinet Member

      In the 1860s, a president’s unilateral firing of a cabinet member could become an automatically impeachable offense, thanks to a law intended to restrict presidential powers. In fact, it was a law that almost got a sitting president—Andrew Johnson—booted out of office.

      The Tenure of Office Act seemed simple—it prevented the president from firing cabinet appointments that Congress had previously approved. But when President Andrew Johnson defied it, a standoff resulted. As a result of his combative attempt to skirt the law, Johnson was nearly impeached and has gone down in history as one of America’s worst presidents for his defiance.

      Before the law was passed, presidents could fire cabinet members at will. But the law—created to stop Johnson’s attempts to soften Reconstruction for Southern states after the Civil War—wasn’t just any Congressional act. It resulted in an increasingly absurd spiral of one-upmanship that culminated in a rare presidential veto, an even rarer congressional override, a sensational impeachment trial that was so well-attended that Congress had to raffle off tickets, and an ongoing conflict over executive power.

      A political cartoon showing Vice President Andrew Johnson sitting atop a globe, attempting to stitch together the map of the United States with needle and thread.

      READ MORE: How Many Presidents Have Faced Impeachment?

      Why Did Republicans Want To Remove President Johnson From Office

      Republicans wanted to remove President Johnson from office sothat he could not oppose the reconstruction plans being proposed bythe Congress.

      Registered users can ask questions, leave comments, and earn points for submitting new answers.

      Already have an account? Log in

      ??

      Ask questions, submit answers, leave comments

      ??

      Earn points for using the site

      ??

      Already have an account? Log in

      Asked By Wiki User

      Trump Impeachment: What You Need To Know About The Senate Trial

      For only the third time in history, an American president is on trial after being impeached.

      Such a trial could, in theory, lead to President Donald Trump being removed from office. That outcome would be a huge shock – we’ll explain why later – but the very fact a president is facing trial is significant.

      Here are eight questions and answers that will help you understand the trial.

      Why Did The Radical Republicans Want To Impeach Andrew Johnson

      Reconstruction timeline

      Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team.

      The Radical Republicans in Congress differed with Andrew Johnson about how deeply the federal government would be involved in changing southern governments and southern society after the Civil War during the period called Reconstruction. Johnson, who was from Tennessee, was considered too soft on the former Confederate states. For example,…

      Why Did President Johnson Fire Secretary Of War Edwin Stanton

      According to the History Channel, President Andrew Johnson attempted to fire Secretary of War Edwin Stanton on multiple occasions because Stanton opposed Johnson’s more lenient attitude toward the South during Reconstruction. Johnson wanted to readmit states from the Confederacy without any guarantees of civil rights for the freed slaves, and Stanton strongly opposed this policy and favored much harsher treatment of the former rebellious states.

      In 1867, President Johnson decided that Stanton’s opposition was crippling his presidency, so he attempted to remove Stanton from office. Stanton refused to leave, claiming that the Tenure of Office Act prevented his removal. In 1868, Johnson suspended him and appointed Ulysses S. Grant as his replacement, but the Senate overruled President Johnson and Stanton continued in his position. Johnson tried a third time to remove him from office, appointing General Lorenzo Thomas as a replacement, but Congress again backed Stanton.

      Radical Republican forces in Congress began an impeachment trial against Johnson over his continued attacks on Stanton, but they were unable to gather enough votes in the Senate to remove the president from office. In the end, Edwin Stanton resigned his post on May 26, 1868. Stanton was eventually appointed to the Supreme Court by Ulysses S. Grant in 1869, but he died before he could take office.

      Andrew Johnsons Impeachment And The Legacy Of The Civil War

      He started as a hero and ended as “the impersonation of the tyrannical slave power.”

      On April 15, six weeks after Andrew Johnson was sworn in as vice president of the United States, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. Had the assassin’s plot gone as planned, Johnson, Ulysses S. Grant, and Secretary of State William Seward would have also been killed. As it turned out, co-conspirator George Atzerodt, who had stalked the vice president, lost his nerve at the last minute.

      A few hours after Lincoln’s death, Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase swore Johnson in as President of the United States. Republicans were relieved that Johnson had not been killed and could provide continuity; they thought that he would be putty in their hands and would follow the dictates of Republican congressional leaders. They were mistaken. And the resulting conflict between president and Congress led to the first presidential impeachment in American history.

      In Johnson’s mind, the issue of what to do with the defeated Southern states was simple: impose conditions upon their return to full standing, such as the irrevocable abolition of slavery but do not impose black suffrage as a condition of readmission.

      Journal Universel

      Many Senate Republicans had decided to make it a close vote but not a conviction.

      Why Lyndon Johnson A Truly Awful Man Is My Political Hero

      Jack Bernhardt

      Last modified on Fri 5 Jun 2020 18.08 BST

      I wish I had a normal hero from history. Maybe Frederick Douglass, or Rosa Parks, or the person who set the video of Richard Spencer getting punched to the tune of Never Gonna Give You Up. But I don’t. I have an irrational fascination with Lyndon B Johnson, the 36th president of the United States. He is my ultimate problematic fave: obnoxious, crude, responsible for the escalation of the Vietnam war and the death of thousands of innocent civilians – and yet also the architect of so much of the modern American welfare state. Johnson died 45 years ago today, and it’s hard to know what reaction is appropriate – commemoration, condemnation, or something in between.

      Read more

      The first thing to appreciate about LBJ’s presidency is the sheer amount of stuff that happened during it. From the fallout of JF Kennedy’s assassination to the passage of the Civil Rights Act to Vietnam, the subsequent protests and the Watts riots in LA – it was like the news fell asleep during the 1950s and was trying to make up for lost time. As a result, Johnson’s legacy is hazy: is he the patronising face of white America stopping progress in the civil rights movement? Is he a warmonger desperate for American dominance around the world? Is he the man who killed Kennedy with the help of the CIA because he didn’t like how JFK and Bobby made fun of his accent as vice-president ?

      President Johnson Acquitted In Senate Impeachment Trial

      At the end of a historic two-month trial, the U.S. Senate narrowly fails to convict President Andrew Johnson of the impeachment charges levied against him by the House of Representatives three months earlier. The senators voted 35 guilty and 19 not guilty on the second article of impeachment, a charge related to his violation of the Tenure of Office Act in the previous year. Ten days earlier, the Senate had likewise failed to convict Johnson on another article of impeachment, the 11th, voting an identical 35 for conviction and 19 for acquittal. Because both votes fell short–by one vote–of the two-thirds majority needed to convict Johnson, he was judged not guilty and remained in office.

      READ MORE: How Many US Presidents Have Faced Impeachment?

      At the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Johnson, a U.S. senator from Tennessee, was the only senator from a seceding state who remained loyal to the Union. Johnson’s political career was built on his defense of the interests of poor white Southerners against the landed classes; of his decision to oppose secession, he said, “Damn the negroes; I am fighting those traitorous aristocrats, their masters.” For his loyalty, President Abraham Lincoln appointed him military governor of Tennessee in 1862, and in 1864 Johnson was elected vice president of the United States.

      Watch Sen John Mccain Cast ‘no’ Vote On ‘skinny’ Repeal

      It isn’t clear what comes next, but the collapse of some insurance markets around the country serve as an incentive for Republicans and Democrats to hold hearings and fix the problems with health care.

      Most Republicans never embraced the different iterations of legislation they crafted, nor the process by which it was constructed. Even on the last-ditch effort at a bare-bones bill, Republicans couldn’t reach agreement. Over the past two days, many rejected a plan that would have partially repealed and replaced Obamacare and a measure that would have just repealed it. The repeal vote was the same bill that passed the Senate and the House in 2015 when former President Barack Obama vetoed it.

      Sen. Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska, stood against every version of the legislation even in the face of immense pressure. The Trump administration threatened to withhold federal resources from Alaska because of her opposition, according to the Alaska Daily News. Murkowski herself said the next day in response to the report that she would not characterize it as a “threat.”

      “I sat there with Senator McCain. I think both of us recognize that it’s very hard to disappoint your colleagues,” Murkowski told NBC News after the vote. “And I know that there is disappointment because it was the three votes that Senator McCain, Senator Collins, and I cast that did not allow this bill to move forward. And that is difficult.”

      “John McCain is a hero and has courage and does the right thing,” Schumer said.

      Obamacare Repeal Fails: Three Gop Senators Rebel In 49

      WASHINGTON — Obamacare stays. For now.

      Senate Republicans failed to pass a pared-down Obamacare repeal bill early Friday on a vote of 49-51 that saw three of their own dramatically break ranks.

      Three Republican senators — John McCain, Susan Collins and Lisa Murkowski — and all Democrats voted against the bill, dealing a stinging defeat to Republicans and President Donald Trump who made repeal of Obamacare a cornerstone their campaigns.

      The late-night debate capped the GOP’s months-long effort to fulfill a seven-year promise to repeal the Affordable Care Act.

      3 Republicans and 48 Democrats let the American people down. As I said from the beginning, let ObamaCare implode, then deal. Watch!

      — Donald J. Trump July 28, 2017

      The Senate has tried to pass multiple versions of repeal: repeal and replace, a straight repeal and Friday’s bare-bones repeal, but none garnered the support of 50 Republicans.

      An emotional Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., said after the 1:40 a.m. vote went down that Republicans remained committed to repealing the Obama-era health law.

      Schumer: ‘we Can Work Together Our Country Demands It’

      Until the end, passage on the Health Care Freedom Act, also dubbed the “skinny” repeal, was never certain. Even Republicans who voted for it disliked the bill.

      “The skinny bill as policy is a disaster. The skinny bill as a replacement for Obamacare is a fraud. The skinny bill is a vehicle to getting conference to find a replacement,” Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., said at a Thursday evening news conference hours before the vote alongside fellow Republicans McCain, Ron Johnson and Bill Cassidy, before the details were released.

      The “skinny” repeal was far from Republicans’ campaign promise of also rolling back Medicaid expansion, insurance subsidies, Obamacare taxes, and insurance regulations.

      Many Republicans who did vote for it said they were holding their nose to vote for it just to advance the process into negotiations with the House of Representatives.

      The legislation included a repeal of the individual mandate to purchase insurance, a repeal of the employer mandate to provide insurance, a one-year defunding of Planned Parenthood, a provision giving states more flexibility to opt out of insurance regulations, and a three-year repeal of the medical device tax. It also would have increased the amount that people can contribute to Health Savings Accounts.

      Leigh Ann Caldwell is an NBC News correspondent.

      Last Baseball Game Played At Historic Yankee Stadium

      7.2 reconstruction and its effects 1865 1877

      Johnson was outraged. He saw the amendments as affronts to states’ rights and encouraged Southern states not to ratify them. “This is a country for white men, and by God, as long as I am President, it shall be a government for white men,” he  to Missouri’s governor.

      As Johnson became more and more defiant, Congress became more and more determined to curb his power in a bid to save Reconstruction. They made their move by passing Reconstruction laws that were more sweeping than Johnson’s plan—then secured their ability to enforce them by passing the Tenure of Office Act. The law, which required the president to seek their approval before firing any executive officer they’d helped approve, would keep Johnson from sacking his Secretary of War, who was tasked with carrying out most of the Congressional Reconstruction plan.

      Or so they thought. True to form, Johnson vetoed the bill. Congress then overrode the veto and the Tenure of Office Act went into law on March 3, 1867.

      But Johnson wouldn’t be checked so easily. He gave his Secretary of War, Republican Reconstruction supporter Edwin Stanton, the boot by suspending him from his office while Congress was on recess. In a letter, Stanton responded angrily that “I am compelled to deny your right under the Constitution and laws of the United States…to suspend me from office.” But he had no alternative, he wrote, and stepped aside for Ulysses S. Grant, whom Johnson had appointed as interim Secretary of War.

      Tags

      The Man Whose Impeachment Vote Saved Andrew Johnson

      May 16, 2021 by NCC Staff

       

      After being impeached, President Andrew Johnson survived his 1868 Senate trial by just one vote. And to this day, how that vote was cast on May 16, 1868 remains shrouded in controversy.

      Johnson ascended to the presidency in 1865, after Abraham Lincoln’s assassination. A former Democrat who ran as a candidate alongside Lincoln, President Johnson’s relationship with the Republican leadership quickly crumbled. A faction called the Radical Republicans, led by Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner, dominated the party.

      On February 24, 1868, President Johnson was impeached by the House of Representatives. The House charged Johnson with violating the Tenure of Office Act. The alleged violation stemmed from Johnson’s decision to remove Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, a prominent Radical Republican leftover from the Lincoln Cabinet.

      To block Johnson from removing Cabinet members without its approval, the House had passed the Tenure of Office Act in 1867. Johnson challenged the act by firing Stanton and appointing an interim replacement. The House quickly filed 11 impeachment charges, sending the case to the Senate for disposition.

      Two-thirds of the Senate was needed to convict Johnson, and the Republicans made up more than two-thirds of its members. Chief Justice Salmon Chase presided over the trial, which started in March and ended in late May. Thaddeus Stevens was one of the House prosecutors.

      The controversy, to this day, is why did Ross change his mind?

      This Is What Wrongful Conviction Does To A Family

      This stubbornness and refusal to cooperate with even moderate Republicans escalated once Congress came back into session in December of 1865,still without Southern representation and still dominated by Republicans steadfastly opposed to the leniency the new president was offering to the former Confederate states. Johnson vetoed both a civil rights bill designed to fight back the dreaded black codes and another measure to expand the functions of the Freedmen’s Bureau. His message to Congress about the latter veto included condescending language, like urging legislators to take “more mature considerations.� The vetoes enraged Capitol Hill, especially the author of the bills, to whom Johnson had raised no objections when he’d sought the president’s opinions during the drafting process.

      The legislative branch, as a consequence, did something that was then unprecedented in American history on a major piece of legislation: They overturned a presidential veto. Then they did it again. Ultimately, they turned back the president’s rejections of bills a stunning 15 times—a record to this day, even though Johnson served a shorter term than most presidents. The Civil Rights Act’s veto override in the House prompted a spontaneous outburst of applause among both representatives and spectators; the speaker found it impossible to restore order for several minutes.

      House Of Representatives Impeachment Inquiry

      Impeachment inquiry against Bill Clinton

      On October 8, 1998 the United States House of Representatives voted to authorize a broad impeachment inquiry, thereby initiating the impeachment process. The Republican controlled House of Representatives had decided this with a bipartisan vote of 258–176, with 31 Democrats joining Republicans. Since Ken Starr had already completed an extensive investigation, the House Judiciary Committee conducted no investigations of its own into Clinton’s alleged wrongdoing and held no serious impeachment-related hearings before the 1998 midterm elections. Impeachment was one of the major issues in those elections.

      In the November 1998 House elections, the Democrats picked up five seats in the House, but the Republicans still maintained majority control. The results went against what House SpeakerNewt Gingrich predicted, who, before the election, had been reassured by private polling that Clinton’s scandal would result in Republican gains of up to thirty House seats. Shortly after the elections, Gingrich, who had been one of the leading advocates for impeachment, announced he would resign from Congress as soon as he was able to find somebody to fill his vacant seat; Gingrich fulfilled this pledge, and officially resigned from Congress on January 3, 1999.


      Popular Articles