When Jefferson Said That We Are All Republicans We Are All Federalists In His First Inaugural Address To The Congress He Meant That
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In Thomas Jefferson’s first inaugural address, he makes the statement “We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists“. In this statement he is showing that he recognizes that his people are diverse in their political affiliations, that not everyone is a Republican or a Federalist but that both are present.
Subsequently, question is, what were the main points of Jefferson’s inaugural address? The first Thomas Jefferson inaugural address was designed to assuage the fears on both sides, that he would not impose the Sedition Acts upon his rivals and that he would not give up his allies’ cause and succumb to the temptation of absolute power.
Consequently, what did Thomas Jefferson mean in his inaugural address?
The subject of Thomas Jefferson’s First Inaugural address is the state of the union and the path Jefferson wants to take, he believes we should all unite to protect our rights and liberties given to us by the Constitution.
What was the significance of Jefferson’s 1801 inaugural address?
he addressed the country, reminding them of their unification as a young, new country.
What Did Jefferson Mean By We Are All Republicans We Are All Federalists
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Terms in this set Thomas Jefferson was elected president of the United States in 1801 representing the Democratic-Republican Party. During his inaugural address he declared “We are all Republicans; we are all Federalists.” Following Federalist president John Adams, he wanted a smooth transition of power.
Also Know, how is Jefferson’s inaugural address a reflection of the revolution of 1800? Thomas Jefferson called his election “the Revolution of 1800” because it marked the first time that power in America passed from one party to another. He promised to govern as he felt the Founders intended, based on decentralized government and trust in the people to make the right decisions for themselves.
Moreover, what did Jefferson’s inaugural address mean?
The subject of Thomas Jefferson’s First Inaugural address is the state of the union and the path Jefferson wants to take, he believes we should all unite to protect our rights and liberties given to us by the Constitution.
What were Jefferson’s beliefs about government?
Thomas Jefferson believed strongly in religious freedom and the separation of church and state. While President, Jefferson was accused of being a non-believer and an atheist.
What Were Two Effects Of The Louisiana Purchase On The United States
What was the impact of the Louisiana Purchase? The Louisiana Purchase eventually doubled the size of the United States, greatly strengthened the country materially and strategically, provided a powerful impetus to westward expansion, and confirmed the doctrine of implied powers of the federal Constitution.
What Is The Difference Between Federalist And Democratic Republican
Federalists believed in a strong federal republican government led by learned, public-spirited men of property. The Democratic-Republicans, alternatively, feared too much federal government power and focused more on the rural areas of the country, which they thought were underrepresented and underserved.
Disputed Presidential Election Leads To Constitutional Amendment
After Thomas Jefferson and his vice presidential running mate Aaron Burr received the same number of electoral votes in 1800, a constitutional and political crises erupted. Action to amend the Constitution came quickly. This broadside is Representative John Dawsonâ€™s proposed amendment to the states on December 9, 1803, followed Dawsonâ€™s plan to have electors vote separately for president and vice president. This plan would leave the House to select a president if no one reached a majority. New Hampshire provided the necessary thirteenth state ratification on June 15, 1804.
. Mr. Dawsonâ€™s Motion, Amended, . Broadside. Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress
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Editorial: Do Jefferson’s Words From 1801 Still Apply Today
- Jan 20, 2021
Joe Biden takes office today under some of the most difficult circumstances that any incoming president has faced.
Not as difficult as Abraham Lincoln, who took the oath of office in 1861 with the Union breaking apart and again in 1865 with a bloody Civil War to restore it underway, but still difficult enough.
Instead, Biden faces crises on multiple fronts — a pandemic that has claimed more lives than most of our wars and a shocking lack of faith in our democracy itself, best exemplified by the recent deadly storming of the U.S. Capitol by a riotous mob incited by none other than the outgoing president of the United States.
The pandemic will eventually be conquered by science ; the restoration of faith in American institutions will be a more difficult undertaking. Most inaugural addresses are quickly forgotten; Biden’s may be, as well. Still, the world looks to him today to see what healing words he can offer.
Trump did not heed our advice, choosing instead only to stoke division. Biden has said he was propelled into the presidential race by Trump’s shockingly lackadaisical response to the white nationalist march-turned-riot in Charlottesville in 2017, a direct precursor to the events of Jan. 6. The question today is whether the words of Charlottesville’s best-known resident still apply.
What Did We Buy From Spain When James Monroe Was President
Napoleon decided to give up his plans for Louisiana, and offered a surprised Monroe and Livingston the entire territory of Louisiana for $15 million. Although this far exceeded their instructions from President Jefferson, they agreed. When news of the sale reached the United States, the West was elated.
At Yale Law Schoolthomas Jefferson First Inaugural Address
First Inaugural Address
March 4, 1801
FRIENDS AND FELLOW-CITIZENS,
I repair, then, fellow-citizens, to the post you have assigned me. With experience enough in subordinate offices to have seen the difficulties of this the greatest of all, I have learnt to expect that it will rarely fall to the lot of imperfect man to retire from this station with the reputation and the favor which bring him into it. Without pretensions to that high confidence you reposed in our first and greatest revolutionary character, whose preeminent services had entitled him to the first place in his country’s love and destined for him the fairest page in the volume of faithful history, I ask so much confidence only as may give firmness and effect to the legal administration of your affairs. I shall often go wrong through defect of judgment. When right, I shall often be thought wrong by those whose positions will not command a view of the whole ground. I ask your indulgence for my own errors, which will never be intentional, and your support against the errors of others, who may condemn what they would not if seen in all its parts. The approbation implied by your suffrage is a great consolation to me for the past, and my future solicitude will be to retain the good opinion of those who have bestowed it in advance, to conciliate that of others by doing them all the good in my power, and to be instrumental to the happiness and freedom of all.
What Were Jeffersons Beliefs About The Federal Government
Jefferson also felt that the central government should be “rigorously frugal and simple.” As president he reduced the size and scope of the federal government by ending internal taxes, reducing the size of the army and navy, and paying off the government’s debt.
House Of Representatives Chooses Jefferson As President
When Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr received the identical number of electoral votes in the 1800 presidential election, the Constitution required the House of Representatives vote by state to choose the president. This brief newspaper account of Jeffersonâ€™s February 17 election on the thirty-sixth ballot is accompanied by a brief statement from the president-elect.
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What Was The Federalist Party And What Did They Believe
Hamilton and his associates, typically urban bankers and businessmen, then formed the Federalist Party to promote their shared political ideas. Federalists believed in a centralized national government with strong fiscal roots. In addition, the Federalists felt that the Constitution was open for interpretation.
Jefferson Warns Of Force To Secure Electoral Solution
In the midst of the thirty-six ballots taken to resolve a tied electoral vote between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr, Jefferson leaked the information that if the Federalists tried to appoint an interim executive the middle states would arm and a convention would be called to reorganize the government. Jefferson correctly anticipated that these twin threats would lead the Federalists to yield the election.
Letter from Thomas Jefferson to James Monroe, February 15, 1801. Manuscript. James Monroe Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
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Remembering The Best Presidential Inaugural Addresses
In two days, Joe Biden gets to do what only thirty-nine other Americans have ever done: deliver a presidential inaugural address. It is a tough task to do well under any circumstance. It’s even tougher when it comes against the backdrop of a pandemic that has killed 400,000 Americans and two weeks after a mob ransacked the U.S. Capitol.
It’s appropriate then that the theme of Biden’s inauguration is “America United.” Unity over division was the core message of his campaign from the start. In the words of the Presidential Inaugural Committee, Biden hopes his inauguration will spark “the beginning of a new national journey that restores the soul of America, brings the country together, and creates a path to a brighter future.”
That is a tall order. You don’t need to read the polls to know that Americans are deeply split. No single speech, however well written or delivered, can sweep away those differences—or the legacies they have created. But words matter. They can set a tone. They can make us think. They can give us hope.
Fears Of A Federalist Usurpation Of The Presidency
Republicans, such as Virginia governor James Monroe, prematurely feared that the Federalists would try to exploit the stalemated presidential election after Thomas Jefferson and his vice presidential running mate, Aaron Burr , received an identical number of electoral votes. In the end a political compromise led to a peaceful constitutional transfer of power rather than Monroe’s feared plan of usurpation at the federal town.
Letter from James Monroe to Thomas Jefferson, January 27, 1801. Manuscript. Thomas Jefferson Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
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Creative Statesmanship Resolves Election Crisis
When Congress seemed as stalemated in electing a president as was the electoral college, furious maneuvering ensued between Federalists and Republicans. In an act of creative statesmanship James Bayard , a Delaware Federalist congressman and a relative of Samuel Harrison Smith , a key Jefferson Republican ally, struck a deal with Jeffersonians to protect Federalist programs and officeholders. The solution secured Jeffersons election on the thirty-sixth ballot in the House of Representatives.
Letter from James Bayard to Alexander Hamilton, March 8, 1801. Manuscript. Alexander Hamilton Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
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What Is The Main Topic Of Federalist 10 Quizlet
Federalist Ten is a document written by James Madison in the late 1700s. In his paper, Madison is making two arguments regarding the main differences between a democracy and a republic. He believes that a republic is superior to a democracy because a democracy cannot prevent the violence in factions.
Vote Forced Federalists Into A Desperate State
With a tied electoral vote between Republicans Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr, leaders of their own party including Virginia governor James Monroe, feared that faced with a “desperate state of its affrs,” the Federalists would resort to all steps short of disunion to retain control of the presidency.
Letter from James Monroe to Thomas Jefferson, January 6, 1801. Manuscript. Thomas Jefferson Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
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We Are All Republicans: We Are All Federalists
Jefferson called the election of 1800 the “bloodless revolution.” There had been no civil war. Power from one group had been peacefully handed to another group . Jefferson believed the election united the people in the “strongest Government on earth.” Others thought the differences between the Federalists and the Republicans would cause problems. It was up to Jefferson to create peace between the two groups.
On March 4th Jefferson was inaugurated as president. That day he stayed true to his beliefs. He walked from his house to the Capitol. Most presidents had ridden in fancy carriages. He wore plain clothes. Most presidents had worn fancy clothes. He told everyone, “Let us, then, fellow citizens, unite with one heart and one mind. . . . We are all republicans: we are all federalists.” All over the nation, bells rang and guns fired in celebration. People cheered for the new president.
This map shows the boundaries of the Louisiana Purchase as recognized today. In 1802, the U.S. and its territories occupied most of the land to east.
Thomas Jefferson Is Elected Third Us President
On February 17, 1801, Thomas Jefferson is elected the third president of the United States. The election constitutes the first peaceful transfer of power from one political party to another in the United States.
Vicious partisan warfare characterized the campaign of 1800 between Democratic-Republicans Jefferson and Aaron Burr and Federalists John Adams, Charles C. Pinckney and John Jay. The election highlighted the ongoing battle between Democratic-Republican supporters of the French, who were embroiled in their own bloody revolution, and the pro-British Federalists who wanted to implement English-style policies in American government. The Federalists abhorred the French revolutionaries’ overzealous use of the guillotine and as a result were less forgiving in their foreign policy toward the French. They advocated a strong centralized government, a standing military and financial support of emerging industries. In contrast, Jefferson’s Republicans preferred limited government, unadulterated states’ rights and a primarily agrarian economy. They feared that Federalists would abandon revolutionary ideals and revert to the English monarchical tradition. As secretary of state under Washington, Jefferson opposed Secretary of the Treasury Hamilton’s proposal to increase military expenditures and resigned when Washington supported the leading Federalist’s plan for a national bank.
What Kind Of Government Did James Madison Want
In 1787, Madison represented Virginia at the Constitution Convention. He was a federalist at heart, thus campaigned for a strong central government. In the Virginia Plan, he expressed his ideas about forming a three-part federal government, consisting of executive, legislative and judicial branches.
We Are All Republicans We Are All Federalists
The inauguration of Thomas Jefferson as President was a monumental moment in American, even world, history.
Every detail of the day was analyzed, from Jefferson’s decision to walk to the event to his plain dress .
However, the most important part of the whole affair was one line uttered in the middle of his First Inaugural Address…”We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.”
Virginia Slave Rebellion Increases Election
As the presidential campaign of 1800 shifted into high gear, the public was rattled by a slave insurrection in Virginia led by Gabriel , an educated slave. Inspired by the ideals of freedom asserted during the American Revolution, Gabriel planned to attack Richmond on August 30, 1800, and massacre opponents of black liberty. He also intended to make himself king of a new black nation. Slaves who revealed the plans and bad weather hampered the rebellion, which was ended by the state militia called out by Virginia Governor James Monroe. In this letter, Monroe seeks the advice of his mentor, presidential candidate, Thomas Jefferson, regarding punishment of the rebel leaders.
Letter from James Monroe to Thomas Jefferson, September 22, 1800. Manuscript. Thomas Jefferson Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
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Why Did Spain Give Louisiana Back To France
In 1802 Bonaparte forced Spain to return Louisiana to France in the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso. Bonaparte’s purpose was to build up a French Army to send to Louisiana to defend his “New France” from British and U.S. attacks. At roughly the same time, a slave revolt broke out in the French held island of Haiti.
What Was Madisons Purpose In Defining Terms
Answer: Madisson’s purpose was to show the relationships that these terms have within the country. By defining these terms it allows people to understand how the policy should be carried out within the national territory and how to work to reduce the harms of these terms and highlight the benefits.
United States Presidential Election Of 1804
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United States presidential election of 1804, American presidential election held in 1804, in which Democratic-Republican incumbent Thomas Jefferson soundly defeated Federalist candidate with 162 electoral votes to Pinckney’s 14.
Jefferson Seeks Unity In Inaugural Address
After a vicious campaign and a polarizing election that was not resolved until February 17, 1801, after thirty-six ballots in the House of Representatives, President Thomas Jefferson delivered a soothing and unifying message in his first inaugural address. Jefferson uttered these now-classic lines: “But every difference of opinion, is not a difference of principle. We have called, by different names, brethren of the same principle. We are all republicans, we are all federalists.”
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Unity Seen In Jeffersons Inaugural Address
In this letter Benjamin Rush , Pennsylvania physician and revolutionary leader, assured President Thomas Jefferson that his inaugural address had been warmly received. Federalists and Republicans haf realized that their differences are not matters of principle but of opinion, according to Rush. It was a “solemn & affecting address” to the “inhabitants of the Globe” and future posterity, concluded Dr. Rush.
What Is The Main Argument In Federalist 10
The essay’s main argument was that a strong, united republic would be more effective than the individual states at controlling “factions” – groups of citizens united by some cause “adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the… interests of the community.” In other words, they were groups of people with radical …
Why Did Jefferson Walk To His Inauguration
It was the first inauguration held at the Capitol in the new seat of government, Washington, DC. Wanting to get away from pomp and circumstance associated with aristocracy, he simply walked the few blocks from his boarding house to the Senate, where he was sworn in by Justice John Marshall.
Thomas Jeffersons First Inaugural Address
November 27, 2017
On March 4, 1801, Thomas Jefferson delivered his First Inaugural Address in the Senate Chamber before taking the oath of office administered by Chief Justice John Marshall. He became the nation’s third President amidst the fires still burning from the odious Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798. Under the Sedition Act, the Federalist Administration of John Adams had jailed more than a dozen Democratic-Republican political opponents for their speech or writing. Jefferson, vice president under Adams, and James Madison had opposed the Acts in their Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, written in secret. In large part as a result of this political repression, Jefferson prevailed in the election of 1800 and the Federalist Party began its spiral into oblivion.
Jefferson delivered a conciliatory address, and in the excerpt below he argues that difference of opinion “is not a difference of principle.” All Americans were united—“we are all republicans: we are all federalists.” And freedom of expression should protect all, even those who preferred dissolution of the country—“let them stand undisturbed as monuments of the safety with which error of opinion may be tolerated, where reason is left free to combat it.”
Thomas Jefferson’s First Inaugural Address
Liberty Triumphs Over Oppressive Forces
In this 1796 allegory, liberty triumphs over tyranny, despotism, and monarchy. American patriot leaders join Minerva, Roman goddess of wisdom, and Lady Liberty to defeat the evil forces, while the Genius of Liberty points out the Declaration of Independence and the American Constitution. A group of kings turn away with horror and dismay.
John F. Renault. Triumph of Liberty. Dedicated to Its Defenders in America. New York: September 1795. Engraved by Peter C. Verger, 1796.
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The Meaning Of The Electoral Revolution
The Federalist party having publicly considered “usurpation” in 1801 made Federalist leaders deeply suspect to many of the very people who had recently voted for them. So in the end the party’s threat to ignore the country’s choice of Jefferson to be president helped to underpin the Republican victory. Two days after the end of the presidential balloting by the House of Representatives in February 1801, Jefferson sent his son-in-law a summary of the Federalists’ actions during that stressful week of balloting. He knew that the Federalist leaders, in spite of having backed down, were not at all reconciled to him being president. The way they had arranged the voting in that last ballot, with no Federalist obliged to soil his hands by voting for him, had to be “considered as a declaration of perpetual war.” But, he gloated, “their conduct has completely left them without support,” because throughout the country it had alienated Federalist voters from Federalist leaders. The Federalists’ threat of usurpation had made even people who voted against the Republicans come out in their favor, so that Jefferson’s victory, “when obtained ? came as a thing of their own wishes?.” In short, the Federalist leaders’ conduct “has done in one week what very probably could hardly have been effected by years of mild and impartial administration.”
Jefferson Congratulates Samuel Adams
Thomas Jefferson congratulates Samuel Adams, an old-line Revolutionary radical, on the Republican victory, with a naval allegory for the ship of state: The storm is over, and we are in port. Jefferson viewed his victory as a return to the true meaning of the Revolution and hoped for an entire oblivion of past feuds.
Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Samuel Adams, March 29, 1801. Manuscript. Thomas Jefferson Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
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The Success Of Jeffersons Strategy
Early confirmation of the success of Jefferson’s strategy of consolidating into the Republican party all but a few incurable Federalists was the increase in the Republican majorities in congress to over 70% in the 1802 elections , and to over 80% in 1804. The Republicans also received over 90% of the electoral college votes in 1804 . In his Second Inaugural Address in 1805, Jefferson celebrated this as a manifestation of a growing “union of sentiment,” and looked forward to the completion of an “entire union of opinion.” Within fifteen years of Jefferson first taking office, the Federalist party disappeared from American politics. In 1825, John Quincy Adams, the son of the last Federalist president, was elected president as a “Republican” .
Jefferson’s policies and his strategy of making Federalists politically impotent were implemented by means of his party’s control of congress, and by his appointment of Republicans as executive branch officials and as federal judges. By getting congress to reduce the number of federal judges, he even managed to retire some existing Federalist judicial appointees.
Democratic Citizens And Statesmen
We have noticed that the necessary role for ideological partisanship in constitutional democracy diminishes the scope for prudential discretion traditionally allowed to statesmanship, to the disappointment of anti-partisan statesmen like Washington and Adams. But prudent statesmen in constitutional democracies will recognize, as Jefferson and his Republican co-partisans recognized, that ideological partisanship also opens up the possibility of making the public more alert, and more immediately involved in determining the direction of public policy. They will also see that the role of partisan ideology in modern democracies does not eliminate the need for statesmanship and prudent judgment. It simply means that democratic statesmen have to learn to work with the weapon of ideological partisanship in responsible ways that promote the competence of citizens and the common good.
In spite of the ideological nature of partisanship, modern democracy is greatly enhanced by political parties. When they work well, parties cultivate and demonstrate popular approval of wise leaders and policies and disapproval of unwise leaders and policies. However, it is not inevitable that parties will work well. The development and acceptance of political parties in modern democracies increases rather than diminishes the need both for competent citizens and for wise statesmen.
Latrobes Design For The Capitol
The public buildings at the nation’s new capital in Washington, District of Columbia, were unfinished when the government moved from Philadelphia in 1800. Benjamin Henry Latrobe , who was named Surveyor of Public Buildings of the United States by President Thomas Jefferson, prepared this revised design for the new Capitol, adding a large staircase and re-conceiving the Rotunda as a Hall of the People.
Benjamin Henry Latrobe. , perspective from the east and north front, 1806. Graphite, ink and watercolor on paper. , Library of Congress
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Lesson To America And The World
After Thomas Jefferson had been chosen president by the House of Representatives, James Madison viewed the avoidance of violence as a lesson to America and the world. The adherence to the Constitution by both Federalists and Jeffersonian Republicans continues to be an example of political crises management to this day.
Letter from James Madison to Thomas Jefferson, February 28, 1801. Manuscript. James Madison Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
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Background To The 1800 Election
In the presidential election of 1800, incumbent President John Adams and his fellow Federalist candidate, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, challenged the Republican duo of incumbent Vice President Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr. President Adams faced reelection in the face of crisis abroad, unpopularity at home, and a divided Federalist Party. Vice President Jefferson led a newly galvanized Democratic-Republican Party that was outraged over what it saw as Federalist abuses and enlargements of executive authority, especially in the form of the Alien and Sedition Acts.
The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson
At noon on 4 Mch. 1801 in the Senate chamber of the Capitol, fifty-seven-year-old Thomas Jefferson took the oath of office as the nation’s third president. The occasion was, in Margaret Bayard Smith’s often quoted words, “one of the most interesting scenes, a free people can ever witness.” According to Aaron Burr, the “Day was serene & temperate—The Concourse of people immense—all passed off handsomely—great joy but no riot—no accident,” and these scenes are reported in an account of the day that appeared in the National Intelligencer on 6 Mch. .
Document II has incorporated a substantial number of the changes Jefferson had marked on Document I. He made additional revisions as he worked on II, canceling some sections and rewriting others. He had so heavily emended one portion of text that he cut a small rectangular piece of paper to fit over it, made a fair copy of his revised wording, and affixed the small piece along the left margin of the page. This, we surmise, was to render what he was delivering to Samuel Harrison Smith for publication in the National Intelligencer more legible for setting in type. Margaret Bayard Smith indicated that Jefferson gave her husband the address early in the morning on 4 Mch., “so that on coming out of the house, the paper was distributed immediately. Since then there has been a constant succession of persons coming for the papers” .
Presidency Of Thomas Jefferson
There was a good deal of nervous speculation whether the new American nation could survive a Jefferson presidency. The entire thrust of Jefferson’s political position throughout the 1790s had been defiantly negative, rejecting as excessive the powers vested in the national government by the Federalists. In his Virginia Resolutions of 1798, written in protest of the Alien and Sedition Acts, he had described any projection of federal authority over the domestic policy of the states as a violation of “the spirit of ’76” and therefore a justification for secession from the Union. His Federalist critics wondered how he could take an oath to preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States if his primary goal as president was to dismantle the federal institutions created by that very document. As he rose to deliver his inaugural address on March 4, 1801, in the still-unfinished Capitol of the equally unfinished national capital on the Potomac, the mood was apprehensive. The most rabid alarmists had already been proved wrong, since the first transfer of power from one political regime to another had occurred peacefully, even routinely. But it was still very much an open question whether, as Lincoln later put it, “any nation so conceived and so dedicated could long endure” in the absence of a central government along Federalist lines.
Ideology And Party Government
The word “ideology” was coined in France in the 1790s. From its first meaning, the science of ideas, it quickly passed to its more political meaning, the use of systems of ideas to advance political causes. The use of the word in this sense usually implies that the system of ideas is being expounded dogmatically by political visionaries, and always implies that it is being used for partisan propaganda rather than for purely theoretical purposes. Those American founders such as Washington and Adams who were determinedly above partisanship in the 1790s deeply distrusted the ideological nature of the Republican party. Surely Washington and Adams were not wholly wrong in this distrust. The establishment of the respectability of republican partisanship, which made possible the establishment of the principle of peaceful revolutions of political principles, entailed losses as well as gains. Party government has vices as well as virtues.